Discovered remains suggest Viking village – News
ARCHAEOLOGICAL remains that could further shed light on the origins of a Teesdale village as a Viking settlement have been found on building land.
Green Man Archeology was surprised to discover extensive remains of dry stone structures during a development in Boldron as they undertook archaeological excavations under a condition of consent to planning.
This is the second time in a year that the team has carried out excavations in the village on building land adjacent to the greenery of the village.
Last May, they discovered a multitude of pottery fragments and remains of stone walls, suggesting a head dike marking the end of the village.
Now, 11 months later, they have discovered more complex dry stone structures on the adjacent building plot.
In addition, a significant amount of pottery and evidence that food processing is the main activity at the site has been uncovered.
Leanne Gray, of Green Man Archeology, said: “Most pottery appears to be post-medieval, but some suggest an earlier date in the medieval period. And earlier structures tick some boxes for medieval or even Viking architecture. But most of the activity on the site appears to be post-medieval.
Boldron is said to mean ‘netting of bulls’ in Old Norse and is less than half a mile from the road to Stainmore, which legend says was where Viking King Eric the Bloodaxe was. found death.
Further evidence of a Viking presence in the area includes the name Thorsgill Beck, used for the creek in the parish, and the village’s alternate name long after another Viking king, Athelstan.
Ms Gray added that a large quantity of animal bones had been recovered and, surprisingly, for a village in the Pennines, 64 km from the coast, the inhabitants of the site appreciated crustaceans in their diet, because traces of oysters, mussels and cockles were also used. earthen.
The most impressive find was a knife with a bone handle, although it was a bit coarse with the tang of the blade simply stuck in the cavity of a long bone.
Archaeologist Paul Crane said: “The complex of dry stone structures was remarkable, with no distinct features at the site, something very unusual. All structures in place have a contact or relationship with another structure, like the strands of a spider’s web.
“There is not a single one who is alone. And being all dry stone, there could be an age difference of several centuries between the structures in contact or even between the modifications made to the same structure.
A 2013 geophysical survey of the village green, organized by the Boldron History Group, showed no indication of further settlement to the east. Much of the interconnected stone remains point to the 18th or 19th century, but the stone has remained under them.
Ms Gray believes it could have come from even older buildings, including massive stone slabs, some measuring three feet in diameter.