Bassar, R.D., B.L. Bryan, M.C. Marshall, C.M. Pringle, D.N. Reznick, & J. Travis. 2017. Local adaptation of fish consumers alters primary production through changes in algal community composition and diversity. Oikos. doi: 10.1111/oik.03965 

Direnzo, G. V., C. Che-Castaldo, A. Rugenski, R. Brenes, M. R. Whiles, C. M. Pringle, S. S. Kilham, and K. R. Lips. 2017. Disassembly of a tadpole community by a multi-host fungal pathogen with limited evidence of recovery. Ecological Applications.27:309-320 [PDF]



Boyero, L., R. G. Pearson, C. Hui, M. O. Gessner, J. Pérez, M.A. Alexandrou, M.A.S. Graca, B.J. Cardinale, R.J. Albariño, M. Arunachalam, L.A. Barmuta, A.J. Boulton, A. Bruder, M. Callisto, E. Chauvet, R.G. Death, D. Dudgeon, A.C. Encalada, V. Ferreira, R. Figueroa, A.S. Flecker, J.F. Goncalves Jr, J. Helson, T. Iwata, T. Jinggut, J. Mathooko, C. Mathuriau, C. M’Erimba, M.S. Moretti, C.M. Pringle, A. Ramirez, L. Ratnarajah, J. Rincon, & C.M. Yule. 2016. Biotic and abiotic variables influencing plant litter breakdown in streams: a global study. In Proc. R. Soc. B 283(1829): 20152664. [PDF]

Collins, S. M., S. A. Thomas, T. Heatherly II, K. L. MacNeill, A. O. H. C. Leduc, A. Lopez-Sepulcre, B. A. Lamphere, R. W. El-Sabaawi, D. N. Reznick, C. M. Pringle, and A. S. Flecker. 2016. Fish introductions and light modulate food web fluxes in tropical streams: a whole-ecosystem experimental approach. Ecology. 97: 3154-3166. [PDF]

de Jesús-Crespo, R., D. Newsom, E. G. King, and C. M. Pringle. 2016. Shade tree cover criteria for non-point source pollution control in the Rainforest Alliance coffee certification program: A snapshot assessment of Costa Rica’s Tarrazú coffee region. Ecological Indicators 66: 47-54. [PDF]

Frisch, J. R., J. T. Peterson, K. K. Cecala, J. C. Maerz, C. R. Jackson, T. L. Gragson, C. M. Pringle. 2016. Patch occupancy of stream fauna across a land cover gradient in the southern Appalachians, USA. Hydrobiologia 773: 163-175. [PDF]

Small, G. E., M. Ardon, J. H. Duff, A. P. Jackman, A. Ramirez, F. J. Triska, and C. M. Pringle. 2016. Phosphorus retention in a lowland Neotropical stream following an eight-year enrichment experiment. Freshwater Science 35: 1-11. [PDF]

Snyder, M. M. C. Freeman, S. T. Purucker, C. M. Pringle. 2016. Using occupancy modeling and logistic regression to assess the distribution of shrimp species in lowland streams, Costa Rica: does regional groundwater create favorable habitat? Freshwater Science 35: 80-90. [PDF]



Barnum, T. R., J. M. Drake, C. Colon-Gaud, A. T. Rugenski, T. C. Frauendorf, Connelly, S. S. Kilham, M. R. Whiles, K. R. Lips, and C. M. Pringle. 2015Evidence for the persistence of food web structure after amphibian extirpation in a Neotropical stream. Ecology 96: 2106-2116. [PDF]

Boyero, L., R. Pearson, M. Callisto, C. M. Pringle, A. Encalada, M. Gessner, D. Dudgeon, M. Arunachalam, J. Mathooko, C. Mathuriau, C. Yule, J. Helson, A. Ramirez, A. Flecker and J. Rincon. 2015. Leaf litter decomposition in tropical streams: Is variability the norm? Freshwater Science. [PDF]

El-Sabaawi, R. W., R. D. Bassar, C. Rakowski, S. N. Thomas, M. C. Marshall, C. M. Pringle, B. Bryan, D. N. Reznick, and A. S. Flecker. 2015. Intraspecific phenotypic differences in fish affect ecosystem processes as much as bottom-up factors. Oikos. [PDF]

Ganong, C., G. E. Small, M. Ardon, W. H. McDowell, D. Genereux, J.H. Duff, and C. M. Pringle. 2015Interbasin flows of geothermally modified groundwater stabilizes stream exports of biologically important solutes against variation in precipitation. Freshwater Science 34: 276-286. [PDF]

Mehring, A. S., K. A. Kuehn, A. Thompson, G. Vellidis, C. M. Pringle, A. D. Rosemond, M. R. First, and R. R. Lowrance. 2015Leaf litter nutrient uptake in an intermittent blackwater river: Influence of tree species and associated biotic and abiotic drivers. Functional Ecology 29: 849-860. [PDF]

Rantala, H. M., A. M. Nelson, M. R. Whiles, R. O. Hall, Jr., W. K. Dodds P. Verburg, A. D. Huryn, C. M. Pringle K. R. Lips, S. S. Kilham, C. Colon-Gaud, A. T. Rugenski, S. Peterson, K. Fritz, and S. Connelly. 2015. Long- term changes in structure and function of a tropical headwater stream following a disease-driven amphibian decline. Freshwater Biology 60: 575-589. [PDF]

Snyder, M. N., G. Small and C. M. Pringle. 2015. Diet-switching by omnivorous freshwater shrimps diminishes differences in nutrient cycling rates and body stoichiometry across a food quality gradient. Freshwater Biology 60: 526-536. [PDF]



Connelly, S., C. M. Pringle, T. R. Barnum, M. Hunte-Brown, S. Kilham, M. Whiles, K. Lips, and C. Colon-Gaud. 2014. Initial versus longer-term effects of tadpole extirpations on algal resources and nitrogen cycling in a Neotropical stream. Freshwater Biology 59: 1113-1122[PDF]

Mehring, A. S., G. Vellidis, K. A. Kuehn, C. M. Pringle, C. J. Tant, and R. R. Lowrance.  2014.  Contribution of surface leaf litter breakdown and forest composition to benthic oxygen demand and ecosystem respiration in a South Georgia blackwater river.  Freshwater Science 33: 377-389. [PDF]

Vercoe, R., N. Heynen, D. Hardy, J. A. Demoss, S. N. Bonney, K. Allen, P. Brosius, D. Charles, B. Crawford, S. Heisel, R.G. de Jesus-Crespo, N. Nibbelink, L. Parker, C. M. Pringle, A. Shaw, L. Van Sant, and M. Welch-Devine.  2014. Acknowledging tradeoffs and understanding complexity: Exurbanization issues in Macon County, North Carolina. Ecology and Society 19: 23[PDF]

Tallis, H., Adams, V., Agostini, V,  Pringle, C. M. and others.  2014.  Towards a diverse conservation ethicNature 515: 27-28. [PDF]



Ardon, M., J. Duff, A. Ramirez, G. E. Small, A. Jackman, F. Triska, and C. M. Pringle. 2013. Experimental acidification of two biogeochemically-distinct neotropical streams: buffering mechanisms and macroinvertebrate drift. Science of the Total Environment 443: 267-277. [PDF]

Barnum, T. R., P. Verburg, S. Kilham, M. R. Whiles, K. Lips, C. Colon-Gaud, and C. M. Pringle. 2013. Use of stable isotope ratios to characterize potential shifts in the isotopic niches of algal-grazing insects following an amphibian decline in a Neotropical stream. Journal of Tropical Ecology 29: 291-299. [PDF]

Frauendorf, T. C., C. Colon-Gaud, M. R. Whiles, T. R. Barnum, K. R. Lips, C. M. Pringle, and S. S. Kilham. 2013. Energy flow and the trophic basis of macroinvertebrate and amphibian production in a Neotropical stream food web. Freshwater Biology 58: 1340-1352. [PDF]

Mehring, A. S., R. R. Lowrance, A. M. Helton, C. M. Pringle, A. Thompson, D. D. Bosch, and G. Vellidis. 2013. Interannual drought length governs dissolved organic carbon dynamics in blackwater rivers of the western upper Suwanee River basin. Journal of Geophysical Research: Biogeosciences 118: 1-10. [PDF]

Small, G. E., J. H. Duff, P. J. Torres, and C. M. Pringle. 2013. Insect emergence as a nitrogen flux in Neotropical streams: comparisons with microbial denitrification across a stream phosphorus gradient. Freshwater Science 32: 1178-1187. [PDF]

Small, G. E., P. J. Torres, L. M. Schweizer, J. H. Duff, and C. M. Pringle. 2013. Importance of terrestrial arthropods as subsidies in lowland Neotropical rainforest stream ecosystems. Biotropica 45: 80-87. [PDF]

Snyder, M., C. M. Pringle, and R. Tiffer-Sotomayor. 2013. Landscape-scale disturbance and protected areas: long-term dynamics of populations of the shrimp, Macrobrachium olfersi, in lowland Neotropical streams, Costa Rica. Journal of Tropical Ecology 29: 81-85. [PDF]

Whiles, M. R., R. O. Hall Jr., W. K. Dodds, P. Verburg, A. D. Huryn, C. M. Pringle, K. R. Lips, S. S. Kilham, C. Colon-Gaud, A. T. Rugenski, S. Peterson, and S. Connelly. 2013. Disease-driven amphibian declines alter ecosystem processes in a tropical stream. Ecosystems 16: 146-157. [PDF]



Bassar, R. D., R. Ferriere, A. Lopez-Sepulcre, M. C. Marshall, J. Travis, C. M. Pringle, and D. N. Reznick. 2012. Direct and indirect ecosystem effects of evolutionary adaptation in the Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata). American Naturalist 180: 167-185. [PDF]

El-Sabaawi, R. W., T. J. Kohler, E. Zandona, J. Travis, M. C. Marshall, S. A. Thomas, D. N. Reznick, M. Walsh, D. Gilliam, C. M. Pringle, and A. S. Flecker. 2012. Environmental and organismal predictors of intraspecific variation in stoichiometry of a Neotropical freshwater fish. PLoS one 7: e32713. [PDF]

El-Sabaawi, R. W., E. Zandona, T. J Kohler, M. C. Marshall, J. M. Moslemi, J. Travis, A. Lopez-Sepulcre, R. Ferriere, S. A. Thomas, D. N. Reznick, C. M. Pringle, and A. S. Flecker. 2012. Widespread intraspecific organismal stoichiometry among populations of the Trinidadian guppy (Poecilia reticulata). Functional Ecology 26: 666-676. [PDF]

Kohler, T. J., T. H. Heatherly, R. El-Sabaawi, E. Zandona, M. C. Marshall, A. S. Flecker, C. M. Pringle, D. N. Reznick, and S. A. Thomas. 2012. Flow, nutrients and light availability influence neotropical epilithon biomass and stoichiometry. Freshwater Science 31: 1019-1034. [PDF]

Laurance, et al. (including C.M. Pringle). 2012. Averting biodiversity collapse in tropical protected areas. Nature 489: 290-294. [PDF]

Page, T. ., K. S. Torati, B. D. Cook, A. Binderup, C. M. Pringle, S. Reuschl, C. D. Schubart, and J. M. Hughes. 2012. Invertebres sans frontieres: large scales of connectivity of selected freshwater species among Caribbean islands. Biotropica 45: 236-244. [PDF]

Marshall, M. C., A. J. Binderup, E. Zandona, S. Goutte, R. D. Bassar, R. El-Sabaawi, S. A. Thomas, A. S. Flecker, S. S. Kilham, D. N. Reznick, and C. M. Pringle. 2012. Effects of consumer interactions on benthic resources and ecosystem processes in a Neotropical stream. PLoS one 7: e45230. [PDF]

Small, G. E., M. Ardon, A. P. Jackman, J. H. Duff, F. J. Triska, A. Ramirez, R. J. Bixby, M. Snyder, and C. M. Pringle. 2012. Rainfall-driven amplification of seasonal acidification in poorly-buffered Neotropical streams. Ecosystems 15: 974-985. [PDF]



Boyero, L., R. G. Pearson, D. Dudgeon, M. A. S. Graca, M. O. Gessner, R. Albarino, V. Ferreira, C. M. Yule, A. J. Boulton, M. Arunachalam, M. Callisto, E. Chauvet, A. Ramirez, J. Chara, M. Moretti, J. F. Goncalves, Jr., J. E. Helson, A. M. Chara-Serna, A. C. Encalada, J. N. Davies, S. Lamothe, A. Cornejo, A. O. Y. Li, L. M. Buria, V. D. Villanueva, M. C. Zuniga, and C. M. Pringle. 2011. Global distribution of a key trophic guild contrasts with common latitudinal diversity patterns. Ecology 92: 1839-1848. [PDF]

Connelly, S., C. M. Pringle, M. R. Whiles, K. R. Lips, S. Kilham, and R. Brenes. 2011. Do tadpoles affect leaf decomposition in Neotropical streams? Freshwater Biology 56: 1863-1875. [PDF]

Small, G. E., C. M. Pringle, M. Pyron, and J. H. Duff. 2011. Role of the fish Astyanax aeneus (Characidae) as a keystone nutrient recycler in low-nutrient Neotropical streams, Costa Rica. Ecology 92: 386-397. [PDF]

Small, G. E., J. P. Wares, and C. M. Pringle. 2011. Differences in phosphorus demand among detritivorous chironomid larvae reflect intraspecific adaptations to differences in food resource stoichiometry across lowland tropical streams. Limnology and Oceanography 56: 268-278. [PDF]

Small, G. E., R. J. Bixby, C. Kazanci, and C. M. Pringle. 2011. Partitioning stoichiometric components of epilithic biofilm using mixing models. Limnology and Oceanography: Methods 9: 185-193. [PDF]

Snyder, M. E., E. P. Anderson, and C. M. Pringle. 2011. A migratory shrimp’s perspective on habitat fragmentation in the neotropics: extending our knowledge from Puerto Rico. New Frontiers in Crustacean Biology: 169-182. [PDF]

Zandona, E., S. K. Auer, S. S. Kilham, J. L. Howard, A. Lopez-Sepulcre, M. P. O’Connor, R. D. Bassar, A. Osorio, C. M. Pringle, and D. N. Reznick. 2011. Diet quality and prey selectivity correlate with life histories and predation regime in Trinidadian guppies. Functional Ecology 25: 964-973. [PDF]



Bassar, R. D, M. C. Marshall, A. Lopez-Sepulcre, E. Zandona, J. Travis,  C. M. Pringle, A. S. Flecker, S. A. Thomas, D. F. Fraser, and D. N. Reznick. 2010. Local adaptation in Trinidadian guppies alters ecosystem processes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 107: 3616-3621. [PDF]

Colon-Gaud, C., M. R. Whiles, K. R. Lips, C. M. Pringle, S. S. Kilham, S. Connelly, R. Brenes, and S. D.  Peterson. 2010. Stream invertebrate responses to a catastrophic decline in consumer h3ersity. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 29: 1185-1198. [PDF]

Colon-Gaud, C., M. R. Whiles, R. Brenes, S. S. Kilham, K. R. Lips, C. M. Pringle, S. Connelly, and S. D. Peterson. 2010. Potential functional redundancy and resource facilitation between tadpoles and insect grazers in tropical headwater streams. Freshwater Biology 55: 2077-2088. [PDF]

Cook, B. D., C. M. Pringle, and J. M. Hughes. 2010. Immigration history of amphidromous species on a Greater Antillean island.  Journal of Biogeography 37: 270-277. [PDF]

Jackson, C. R., and C. M. Pringle. 2010. Ecological benefits of reduced hydrologic connectivity in intensively developed landscapes. BioScience 60: 37-46. [PDF]

Small G. E., and C. M. Pringle. 2010. Deviation from strict homeostasis across multiple trophic levels in an invertebrate consumer assemblage exposed to high chronic phosphorus enrichment in Neotropical stream. Oecologia 162: 581- 590. [PDF]

Todd, M. J., R. R. Lowrance, P. Goovaerts, G. Vellidis, and C. M. Pringle. 2010. Geostatistical modeling of the spatial distribution of sediment oxygen demand within a coastal plain blackwater watershed. Geoderma 59: 53-62. [PDF]



Ardon, M., C. M. Pringle, and S. L. Eggert. 2009.  Does leaf chemistry differentially affect leaf breakdown in tropical versus temperate streams? Importance of standardized analytical techniques to measure leaf chemistry. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28: 440-453. [PDF]

Benstead, J. P., J. G.March, C. M. Pringle, K. C. Ewel, and J. W. Short. 2009. Biodiversity and ecosystem function in species-poor communities: community structure and leaf litter breakdown in a Pacific island stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28: 454-465. [PDF]

Bixby, R. J., J. P. Benstead, M. M. Douglas, and C. M. Pringle. 2009. Relationship of stream algal community structure to catchment deforestation in eastern Madagascar. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28: 466-479. [PDF]

Carter, T., C. R. Jackson, A. Rosemond, C. M. Pringle, D. Radcliffe, W. Tollner, J. Maerz, D. Leigh, and A. Trice. 2009. Beyond the urban gradient: barriers and opportunities for timely studies of urbanization effects on aquatic ecosystems. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28: 709-718. [PDF]

Colon-Gaud, C., M. R. Whiles, S. S. Kilham, K. R. Lips, C. M. Pringle, S. Connelly, and S. D Petersen. 2009. Assessing ecological responses to catastrophic amphibian declines: changes in macroinvertebrate production and food web structure in upland Panamanian streams. Limnology and Oceanography 54: 331-343. [PDF]

Cook, B. D., S. Bernays, C. M. Pringle, and J. M. Hughes. 2009. Marine dispersal determines the genetic population structure of migratory stream fauna of Puerto Rico: evidence for island-scale population recovery processes. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 28: 709-718. [PDF]

Crook, K. E., C. M. Pringle, and M. C. Freeman. 2009. A method to assess longitudinal riverine connectivity in tropical streams dominated by migratory biota. Aquatic Conservation 19: 714-723. [PDF]

Gardiner, N., A. B. Sutherland, R. J. Bixby, M. C. Scott, J. L. Meyer, G. S. Helfman, E. F. Benfield, C. M. Pringle, P. V. Bolstad, and D. N. Wear. 2009. Linking stream and landscape trajectories in the Southern Appalachians. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 156: 17-36. [PDF]

Kilham, S., M. Hunte-Brown, P. Verburg, C. M. Pringle,  M. R. Whiles, K. R. Lips, and E. Zandona. 2008. Challenges for interpreting stable isotope fractionation of carbon and nitrogen in tropical aquatic ecosystems. Verhandlungen Internationale Verein. Limnol.  30: 166-170. [PDF]

Kominoski, J. S., and C. M. Pringle. 2009. Resource-consumer diversity: testing effects of leaf litter species diversity on stream macroinvertebrate communities. Freshwater Biology 54: 1461-1473. [PDF]

Kominoski, J. S., T. J. Hoellein, C. J. LeRoy, C. M. Pringle, and C. M. Swan. 2009. Beyond species richness: expanding biodiversity-ecosystem functioning theory in detritus-based streams. River Research and Applications 24: 1-9 [PDF]

Kominoski, J. S., T. J. Hoellein, J. J. Kelly, and C. M. Pringle. 2009. Does mixing litter of different qualities alter stream microbial diversity and functioning on individual litter species? Oikos 118: 457-463. [PDF]

Palkovacs, E. P., M. C. Marshall, B. A. Lamphere, B. R. Lynch, D. J. Weese, D. F. Fraser, D. N. Reznick, C. M. Pringle, and M. T. Kinnison. 2009. Experimental evaluation of evolution and coevolution as agents of ecosystem change in Trinidadian streams.  Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London Series: Biological Sciences 364: 1617-1628. [PDF]

Todd, M. J., G. Vellidis, R. R.  Lowrance, and C. M. Pringle. 2009. High sediment oxygen demand within an in-stream swamp in southern Georgia: implications for low dissolved oxygen levels in coastal blackwater streams. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 45: 1493-1507. [PDF]



Anderson, E. A., C. M. Pringle, and M. C. Freeman. 2008. Quantifying the extent of river fragmentation by hydropower dams in the Sarapiqui River Basin, Costa Rica. Aquatic Conservation 18: 408-417. [PDF]

Ardon, M., and C. M. Pringle. 2008. Do secondary compounds inhibit microbial- and insect-mediated leaf breakdown in a tropical stream? Oecologia 155: 311-323. [PDF]

Colon-Gaud, C., S. Peterson, M. R. Whiles, S. S. Kilham, K. R. Lips, and C. M. Pringle. 2008. Allochthonous litter inputs, organic matter standing stocks, and organic seston dynamics in upland Panamanian streams: potential effects of larval amphibians on organic matter dynamics. Hydrobiologia 603: 301-312. [PDF]

Connelly, S., C. M. Pringle, R. Brenes, R. J. Bixby, S. S. Kilham, K. R. Lips, M. R. Wiles, and A. D. Huryn. 2008. Changes in stream primary producer communities resulting from large-scale catastrophic amphibian declines: Can small-scale experiments predict effects of tadpole loss? Ecosystems 11: 1262-1276. [PDF]

Cook, B. D., C. M. Pringle, and J. M. Hughes. 2008. Molecular evidence for sequential colonization and taxon cycling in freshwater decapod shrimps on a Caribbean island. Molecular Ecology 17: 1066-75. [ PDF ]

Cook, B. D., C. M. Pringle, and J. M. Hughes. 2008. Phylogeography of an island endemic: the Puerto Rican freshwater crab, Epilobocera sinuatifrons. Journal of Heredity 99: 157-164. [PDF]

Kominoski, J., C. M. Pringle, and B. A. Ball. 2008. Invasive woolly adelgid appears to drive seasonal hemlock and carcass inputs to a detritus-based stream. Verhandlungen Internationale Verein. Limnol. 30: 109-112. [PDF]

Schofield, K. A., C. M. Pringle, J. L. Meyer, and E. J. Rosi-Marshall. 2008. Functional redundancy of stream macroconsumers despite differences in catchment land use. Freshwater Biology 53: 2587-2599. [PDF]

Small, G. E., and C. M. Pringle, et al. 2008. Phosphorus uptake dynamics during an eight-year P-addition in a Neotropical headwater stream. Verhandlungen Internationale Verein. Limnol. 30: 1-4. [PDF]

Smith, K. L., I. Corujo-Flores, and C. M. Pringle. 2008. A comparison of the current and historical fish assemblages in a Caribbean island estuary: conservation value of historical data. Aquatic Conservation 18: 993-1004. [PDF]



Ardon, M., and C. M. Pringle. 2007. Organic matter quality mediates heterotrophic biofilm response to phosphorus enrichment of the water column and substratum.  Freshwater Biology 52: 1762-1772. [PDF]

Carey, R. O., G. Vellidis, R. Lowrance, and C. M. Pringle. 2007. Do nutrients limit algal periphyton in blackwater coastal plain streams? Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43: 1183-1195. [PDF]

Freeman, M. C., C. M. Pringle, and C. R. Jackson. 2007. Hydrologic connectivity and the contribution of stream headwaters to ecological integrity at regional scales. Journal of the American Water Resources Association 43: 5-14. [PDF]

Kominoski, J. S., C. M. Pringle, B. A. Ball, M. A. Bradford, D. C. Coleman, D. B. Hall, and M. D. Hunter. 2007. Non-additive effects of leaf litter species diversity on breakdown dynamics in a detritus-based stream. Ecology 88: 1167-1176. [PDF]

Verburg, P., Kilham. S. S., C. M. Pringle, K. R. Lips, D. Drake, and M. R. Whiles. 2007. A stable isotope study of a Neotropical stream food web prior to the extirpation of its large amphibian community. Journal of Tropical Biology 23: 643-651. [PDF]



Anderson-Olivas, E. A., C. M. Pringle, and M. Rojas. 2006. Transforming tropical rivers: An environmental perspective on hydropower development in Costa Rica. Aquatic Conservation 16: 679-693. [PDF]

Anderson-Olivas, E. A., M. C. Freeman, and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Ecological consequences of hydropower development in Central America: impacts of small dams and water diversion on Neotropical stream fish assemblages. River Research and Applications 22: 397-411. [PDF]

Ardon, M. A., L. Stallcup, and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Does leaf quality mediate the stimulation of leaf breakdown by phosphorus in Neotropical streams? Freshwater Biology 51: 618-633. [PDF]

Benstead, J. P., J. March, B. Fry, K. Ewel, and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Testing IsoSource: stable isotope analysis of a tropical fishery with diverse organic matter sources. Ecology 87: 326-333. [PDF]

Bernhardt, E., S. E. Bunn, D. D. Hart, B. Malmqvist, T. Muotka, R. J. Naiman, C. M. Pringle, M. Reuss, and B. van Wilgen. 2006. Perspective: the challenge of ecologically sustainable water management. Water Policy 8: 475-479 [PDF]

Esselman, P. C., M. C. Freeman, and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Fish assemblage variation between geologically defined regions and across a longitudinal gradient in the Monkey River Basin, Belize. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 25: 140-154. [PDF]

Greathouse, E., C. M. Pringle, and W. H. McDowell. 2006. Do small-scale exclosure/enclosure experiments predict effects of large-scale extirpation of freshwater migratory fauna? Oecologia 149: 709-717. [PDF]

Greathouse, E. A., C. M. Pringle, W. H. McDowell, and J. G. Holmquist. 2006. Indirect upstream effects of dams: consequences of migratory consumer extirpation in Puerto Rico. Ecological Applications 16: 339-352. [PDF]

Greathouse, E. A., C. M. Pringle, and J. G. Holmquist. 2006. Conservation and management of migratory fauna and dams in tropical streams of Puerto Rico. Aquatic Conservation 16: 695-712. [PDF]

Greathouse, E. A., and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Does the River Continuum Concept apply on a tropical island? Longitudinal variation in a Puerto Rican stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 63: 134-152. [PDF]

Jackman, A. P., F. J. Triska, J. H. Duff, and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Is Rhodamine WT conservative in small stream studies? Results from upland and lowland reaches of a tropical stream. Verhandlungen Internationale Verein. Limnol. 29:1645-1650.

Ramirez, A., and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Fast growth and turnover of chironomid assemblages in response to stream phosphorus levels in a tropical lowland landscape. Limnology and Oceanography 51:189-196. [PDF]

Ramirez, A., C. M. Pringle, and M. Douglas. 2006. Temporal and spatial patterns in stream physicochemistry and insect assemblages in a tropical lowland streams. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 25: 108-123. [PDF]

Stallcup, L. A., M. Ardon, and C. M. Pringle. 2006. Does nitrogen become limiting under high-P conditions in detritus-based tropical streams? Freshwater Biology 51:1515-1526. [PDF]

Triska, F. J., C. M. Pringle, J. H. Duff, R. J. Avanzino, A. Ramirez, M. Ardon, and A. Jackman. 2006. Soluble reactive phosphorus (SRP) transport and retention in tropical rainforest streams draining a volcanic landscape in Costa Rica: long-term concentration patterns, pore water environment, and response to ENSO events. Biogeochemistry 81: 131-143. [PDF]

Triska, F. J., C. M. Pringle, J. H. Duff, R. J. Avanzino, and G. Zellweger. 2006. Soluble reactive phosphorus transport and retention in tropical rainforest streams draining a volcanic landscape in Costa Rica: in situ SRP amendment to streams and laboratory studies. Biogeochemistry 81:145-157. [PDF]

Whiles, M. R., K. Lips, C. M. Pringle, S. S. Kilham, R. J. Bixby, R. Brenes, S. Connelly, C. Colon-Gaud, M. Hunte-Brown, A. D. Huryn, C. Montgomery, and S. Peterson. 2006. The effects of amphibian population declines to the structure and function of Neotropical stream ecosystems. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4: 27-34. [PDF]



Greathouse, E. and C. M. Pringle. 2005. A sampler for stream macroinvertebrates and organic matter occurring on boulders and bedrock in pools. Verhandlungen Internationale Verein. Limnol. 29: 975-978. [PDF]

Greathouse, E. A., J. G. March and C. M. Pringle. 2005. Recovery of a tropical stream after a harvest-related chlorine poisoning event. Freshwater Biology 50: 603-615. [PDF]

Benstead, J. P., and C. M. Pringle. 2004. Deforestation alters the resource base and biomass of endemic stream insects in eastern Madagascar. Freshwater Biology 49: 490-501  [PDF]

Ramirez, A. and C. M. Pringle. 2004. Do macroconsumers affect insect responses to a natural stream phosphorus gradient? Hydrobiologia 515: 235-246 [PDF]

Ranvestel, A. W., K. R. Lips, C. M. Pringle, M. R. Whiles, and R. J. Bixby. 2004. Neotropical tadpoles influence stream benthos: evidence for the ecological consequences of decline in amphibian populations. Freshwater Biology 49: 274-285. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and S. Collins. 2004. Needed: a unified infrastructure to support long-term scientific research on public lands. Ecological Applications 14: 18-21.  [PDF]

Schofield, L., C. M. Pringle, and J. L. Meyer. 2004. Effects of increased bedload on algal and detrital-based stream food webs: experimental manipulation of sediment and macro-consumers. Limnology and Oceanography 49: 900-909. [PDF]

Benstead, J. P., M. Douglas, and C. M. Pringle. 2003. Relationships of stream invertebrate communities to deforestation in eastern Madagascar. Ecological Applications 13: 1473-1490. [PDF]

Davis, S. N., S. W. Golladay, G. Vellidis, and C. M. Pringle. 2003. Macroinvertebrate biomonitoring in intermittent coastal plain streams impacted by animal agriculture. Journal of Environmental Quality 32: 1036-1043. [PDF]

Hunter, M. D., S. Adl, C. M. Pringle, and D. C. Coleman. 2003. Relative effects of macroinvertebrates and habitat on the chemistry of litter during decomposition. Pedobiologia 47: 101-115. [PDF]

March, J., J. Benstead, C. M. Pringle, and M. Luckymis. 2003. Benthic community structure and invertebrate drift in a Pacific island stream, Kosrea, Micronesia. Biotropica 35: 115-119. [PDF]

March, J. G., J. P. Benstead, C. M. Pringle, and F. N. Scatena. 2003. Damming tropical island streams: problems, solutions, and alternatives. BioScience 53: 1069-1078. [PDF]

March, J., and C. M. Pringle. 2003. Food web structure and basal resource utilization along a tropical island stream continuum, Puerto Rico. Biotropica 35: 84-93. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 2003. The need for a more predictive understanding of hydrologic conductivity. Aquatic Conservation 13: 467-471. [PDF]

Pringle, C.M. 2003. What is hydrologic connectivity and why is it ecologically important? Hydrologic Processes 17: 2685-2689. [PDF]

Ramirez, A., C. M. Pringle, and L. Molina. 2003. Effects of stream phosphorus levels on microbial respiration. Freshwater Biology 48: 88-97. [PDF]

Walters, D. M., D. S. Leigh, M. C. Freeman, B. J. Freeman, and C. M. Pringle. 2003. Geomorphology and fish assemblages in a Piedmont river basin, USA. Freshwater Biology 48: 1950-1970. [PDF]

Genereux, D., S. Wood, and C. M. Pringle. 2002. Chemical tracing of interbasin groundwater transfer in the lowland rainforest of Costa Rica. Journal of Hydrology 258: 163-178. [PDF]

March J. P., C. M. Pringle, M. J. Townsend, and A. I. Wilson. 2002. Effects of freshwater shrimp assemblages on benthic communities along an altitudinal gradient of a tropical island stream. Freshwater Biology 47: 1-14. [PDF]

Rosemond, A. D., C. M. Pringle, A. Ramirez, M. J. Paul, and J. L. Meyer. 2002. Landscape variation in phosphorus concentration and effects on detritus-based tropical streams. Limnology and Oceanography 47: 278-289. [PDF]

Benstead, J. P., K. H. Barnes, and C. M. Pringle. 2001. Diet, activity patterns, foraging movement and responses to deforestation of the aquatic Tenrec Limnogale mergulus (Insectivora: Tenrecidae), in eastern Madagascar. Journal of Zoology 254: 119-129. [PDF]

Bjorkland, R., C. M. Pringle, and B. Newton. 2001. A stream visual assessment protocol (SVAP) for riparian landowners. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 68: 99-125. [PDF]

Bjorkland, R. and C. M. Pringle. 2001. Educating our communities and ourselves about conservation of aquatic resources through environmental outreach. BioScience 51: 135-138. [PDF]

Clark, J. S., S. Carpenter, M. Barber, S. Collins, A. Dobson, J. Foley, D. Lodge, M. Pascual, R. Pielke Jr., W. Pizer, C. M. Pringle, W. Reid, K. Rose, O. Sala, W. Schlesinger, D. Wall, and D. Wear. 2001. Ecological forecasts: an emerging imperative. Science 293:657-660. [PDF]

March, J. G., J. P. Benstead, C. M. Pringle, and M. W. Ruebel. 2001. Linking shrimp assemblages with rates of detrital processing along an elevational gradient in a tropical stream. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 58: 470-478. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 2001. Hydrologic connectivity and the management of biological reserves: a global perspective. Ecological Applications 11: 981-998. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 2001. Hydrologic connectivity: a call for greater emphasis in the world’s wilderness. International Journal of Wilderness 7: 21-26. [PDF]

Ramirez, A., and C. M. Pringle. 2001. Spatial and temporal patterns of invertebrate drift in streams draining a Neotropical landscape. Freshwater Biology 46: 47-62. [PDF]

Rosemond, A. D., C. M. Pringle, A. Ramirez, and M. Paul. 2001. A test of top-down and bottom-up control in a detritus-based food web. Ecology 82: 2279-2293. [PDF]

Schofield, K., C. M. Pringle, J. L. Meyer, and A. Sutherland. 2001. The importance of crayfish in the breakdown of rhododendron leaf litter. Freshwater Biology 46: 1-14. [PDF]

Benstead, J. P., J. G. March, and C. M. Pringle. 2000. Estuarine larval development and upstream post-larval migration of freshwater shrimp freshwater shrimps in two tropical rivers of Puerto Rico. Biotropica 32: 545-547. [PDF]

Kilham, S. S. and C. M. Pringle. 2000. Food webs in two Neotropical systems as revealed by stable isotope ratios. Verhandlungen Internationals Verein. Limnol  27: 1768-1775. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and M. Barber. 2000. The land-water interface: science for a sustainable biosphere. Ecological Applications 10: 939-940. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., M. Freeman, and B. Freeman. 2000. Regional effects of hydrologic alterations on riverine macrobiota in the New World: tropical-temperate comparisons. BioScience 50: 807-823. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 2000. Managing riverine connectivity in complex landscapes to protect remnant natural areas. Verhandlungen Internationals Verein. Limnol. 27: 1149-1164. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 2000. Threats to U.S. public lands from cumulative hydrologic alterations outside of their boundaries. Ecological Applications 10: 971-989. [PDF]

Rosenberg, D., P. McCully, and C. M. Pringle. 2000. Global-scale environmental effects of hydrological alterations: introduction. BioScience 50: 746-751. [PDF]



Benstead, J. P., J. G. March, C. M. Pringle, and F. N. Scatena. 1999. Effects of a low-head dam and water abstraction on migratory tropical stream biota. Ecological Applications 9: 656-668. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1999. Changing academic culture: interdisciplinary, science-based graduate programmes to meet environmental challenges in freshwater ecosystems. Aquatic Conservation 9: 615-620. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., N. H. Hemphill, W. McDowell, A. Bednarek, and J. March. 1999. Linking species and ecosystems: different biotic assemblages cause interstream differences in organic matter. Ecology 80: 1860-1872. [PDF]

Ramirez, A., and C. M. Pringle. 1999. Invertebrate drift and benthic community dynamics in a lowland Neotropical stream, Costa Rica. Hydrobiologia 386: 19-26. [PDF]

March, J. G., J. P. Benstead, C. M. Pringle, and F. N. Scatena. 1998. Migratory drift of larval freshwater shrimps in two tropical streams, Puerto Rico. Freshwater Biology 40: 261-273. [PDF]

Paaby, P., A. Ramirez, and C. M. Pringle. 1998. The benthic macroinvertebrate community in Caribbean Costa Rican streams and the effect of two sampling methods. Revista de Biologia Tropical 46: 185-199. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and T. Hamazaki. 1998. The role of omnivory in a Neotropical stream: separating diurnal and nocturnal effects. Ecology 79: 269-280. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and A. Ramirez. 1998. Use of both benthic and drift sampling techniques to assess tropical stream invertebrate communities along an altitudinal gradient, Costa Rica. Freshwater Biology 39: 359-373. [PDF]

Ramirez, A., P. Paaby, C. M. Pringle, and G. Aguero. 1998. Effect of habitat type on benthic macroinvertebrates in two tropical lowland streams, Costa Rica. Revista de Biologia Tropical 46: 201-213. [PDF]

Ramirez, A. and C. M. Pringle. 1998. Structure and production of a benthic insect assemblage in a Neotropical stream. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 17(4): 443-463. [PDF]

Rosemond, A. D., C. M. Pringle, and A. Ramirez. 1998. Macroconsumer effects on insect detritivores and detritus processing in a tropical stream. Freshwater Biology 39: 515-524. [PDF]

Eklund, T. J., W. McDowell, and C. M. Pringle. 1997. Seasonal variation of tropical precipitation chemistry: La Selva, Costa Rica.  Atmospheric Environment 31: 3903-3910. [PDF]

Genereaux, D., and C. M. Pringle. 1997. Chemical mixing model of streamflow generation at La Selva Biological Station, Costa Rica. Journal of Hydrology 199: 319-330. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and T. Hamazaki. 1997. Effects of fishes on algal response to storms in a tropical stream. Ecology 78: 2432-2442. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1997. Exploring how disturbance is transmitted upstream: going against the flow. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 16: 425-438. [PDF]

Duff, J. H., C. M. Pringle, and F. J. Triska. 1996. Nitrate reduction in sediments of lowland tropical streams draining swamp forest in Costa Rica: an ecosystem perspective. Biogeochemistry 33: 179-196. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1996. Atyid shrimps (Decapoda: Atyidae) influence spatial heterogeneity of algal communities over different scales in tropical montane streams, Puerto Rico. Freshwater Biology 35: 125-140. [PDF]

Dewberry, T. C., and C. M. Pringle. 1994. Lotic science and conservation: moving toward common ground. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 13: 399-404. [PDF]

Irons, J. G., M. W. Oswood, R. J. Stout, and C. M. Pringle. 1994. Latitudinal patterns in leaf litter breakdown: is temperature really important? Freshwater Biology 32: 401-411 [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and G. A. Blake. 1994. Quantitative effects of Atyid shrimp (Decapoda: Atyidae) on the depositional environment in a tropical stream: Use of electricity for experimental exclusion. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 51: 1443-1450. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and N. G. Aumen. 1993. Current issues in freshwater conservation: introduction to a symposium. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 12: 174-176. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., G. A. Blake, A. P. Covich, K. M. Buzby, and A. Finley. 1993. Effects of omnivorous shrimp in a montane tropical stream: sediment removal, disturbance of sessile invertebrates and enhancement of understory algal biomass. Oecologia 93: 1-11. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., C. F. Rabeni, A. Benke, and N. G. Aumen. 1993. The role of aquatic science in freshwater conservation: cooperation between the North American Benthological Society and organizations for conservation and resource management. Journal of the North American Benthological Society 12: 177-184. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., G. L. Rowe, F. J. Triska, J. F. Fernandez, and J. West. 1993. Landscape linkages between geothermal activity and solute composition and ecological response in surface waters draining the Atlantic slope of Costa Rica. Limnology and Oceanography 38: 753-774. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., G. Vellidis, F. Heliotis, D. Bandacu, and S. Cristofor. 1993. Environmental problems in the Danube Delta. American Scientist 81: 350-361. [PDF]

Triska, F. J., C. M. Pringle, G. Zellweger, J. H. Duff, and R. J. Avanzino. 1993. Dissolved inorganic nitrogen composition, transformation, retention, and transport in naturally phosphate-rich and phosphate-poor tropical streams. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 50: 665-675. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1991. U.S.-Romanian environmental reconnaissance of the Danube Delta. Conservation Biology 5: 442-447. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1991. Geothermally-modified waters surface at La Selva biological station, Costa Rica: volcanic processes introduce chemical discontinuities into lowland tropical streams. Biotropica 23: 523-529. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and F. J. Triska. 1991. Effects of geothermal groundwater on nutrient dynamics of a lowland Costa Rican stream. Ecology 72: 951-965. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1990. Nutrient spatial heterogeneity: effects on community structure, physiognomy, and diversity of stream algae. Ecology 71: 905-920. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., F.J. Triska, and G.J. Browder. 1990. Spatial variation in basic chemistry of streams draining a volcanic landscape on Costa Rica’s Caribbean slope. Hydrobiologia 206: 73-86. [PDF]



Pringle, C. M., R. Naiman, G. Bretschko, J. Karr, M. Oswood, J. Webster, R. Welcomme, and M. J. Winterbourn. 1988. Patch dynamics in lotic systems: the stream as a mosaic.  Journal of the North American Benthological Society 7: 503-524. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1987. Effects of water and substratum nutrient supplies on lotic periphyton growth: an integrated bioassay. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 44: 619-629. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., P. Paaby-Hansen, P. D. Vaux, and C. R. Goldman. 1986. In situ nutrient assays of periphyton growth in a lowland Costa Rican stream. Hydrobiologia 134: 207-213. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M. 1985. Effects of chironomid (Insecta: Diptera) tube-building activities of stream diatom communities. Journal of Phycology 21: 185-194. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., and J. Bowers. 1984. An in situ substratum fertilization technique: diatom colonization on nutrient-enriched sand substrata. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences 41: 1247-1251. [PDF]

Pringle, C. M., I. Chacon, M. H. Grayum, H. W. Greene, G. S. Hartshorn, G. E. Schatz, F. G. Stiles, C. Gomez, and M. Rodriguez. 1984. Natural history observations and ecological evaluation of the La Selva Protection Zone, Costa Rica. Brenesia 22: 189-206. [PDF]